What is the difference between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell?

Question – What is the difference between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell?

Answer: Prokaryotic cells are found in organisms like bacteria, which have no nucleus. They have a cell wall that contains peptidoglycan and flagella that allow them to move around. Eukaryotic cells are found in animals, plants, and fungi.

The nucleus of eukaryotic cells is surrounded by membranes called the nuclear envelope. The DNA is protected by proteins inside the nucleus called histones and nucleosomes.

The nucleolus is a small part of the eukaryotic cell containing ribosomes where proteins are synthesized for cellular functions such as protein synthesis, repair, or transport of substances across the membrane (cytoskeleton).

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There are organelles within the cytoplasm that include mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum, and lysosome responsible for metabolic processes like energy production or digestion, etc.

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